Purpose of the Assignment
Trócaire understands that the risks posed by drought and conflict in ASAL areas of Kenya are deeply related to climate change. Climate change is rapidly increasing the exposure of ASAL communities to the risk of drought and is also contributing to the degradation of natural resource, particularly water, forest and soil. Trócaire also understands that the effects of climate change, drought and conflict on local livelihoods are forcing vulnerable individuals, households, communities and groups to engage in negative coping strategies that have only serve to exacerbate the negative impacts of climate change (e.g. deforestation, charcoal making, sand harvesting etc.). Finally, Trócaire acknowledges that the impact of climate change on lives and livelihoods differs significantly along lines of gender, age, and ability, with different individuals, households and groups being affected in different ways depending upon their status. As such, Trócaire seeks to ensure that all of our resilient livelihoods work is delivered in a manner that is sensitive to differences in gender, age and ability.
In order to effectively respond to the varied vulnerabilities of individuals, a households and groups, Trócaire requires a detailed analysis of the way that climate change, drought and natural resource degradation are affecting different groups in the areas targeted by the UKAM project. Trócaire is therefore seeking the services of a highly qualified consultant to carry out a study of the ways that different people are affected by these issues, along the lines of gender, age and ability in the target areas.
This study will analyse the different roles played by women and men, girls and boys, disabled and elderly persons in the target areas, particularly as they relate to livelihood activities that may be/are being affected by climate change. It will examine the gaps and challenges faced by women and men, girls and boys, disabled and elderly persons in the target areas and will make recommendations programming that are sensitive to the gender, age and ability. This exercise is vital in identifying the opportunities through which Trócaire and its partners can support the men and women in building resilience and climate adaptation. This is expected to strengthen both men’s’ and women’s’ roles in sustainable agriculture and climate change adaptation.
Objectives of the Assignment
The main objective of this assignment is to analyse the ways in which women and men, girls and boys, disabled and elderly persons are differently affected by climate change, drought and environmental degradation in the target areas of Kitui, Tharaka Nithi and Embu and to provide specific recommendations for how Trócaire and our partners can address those differences positively in the UKAM project in a manner that promotes gender equity and resilience.
The specific objectives of the assignment include:
Identify and analyse the distinct and common economic, social and environmental roles/responsibilities of men and women, girls and boys, elderly and disabled persons in target areas of Kitui, Tharaka and Embu counties, taking into account the specific issues faced by single mothers, single fathers, widows, young mothers and orphans
Identify and analyse the specific challenges faced by women and men, girls and boys, disabled and elderly persons that relate specifically to climate change, drought and natural resource degradation, especially those that relate to livelihoods and natural resource management
In light of those different challenges, assess the design of the UKAM project and the implementation approaches being used by the partners in the UKAM project and evaluate how effectively they:
a. Take into account the actual challenges faced by women, men, girls, boys, disabled and elderly persons
b. Promote equity along the lines of gender, age and ability
c. Actively empower women and girls
d. Address any relevant issues of protection and safeguarding
Identify gaps and opportunities for improvement in the project design and implementation approaches of the UKAM project partners.
Make practical and cost-effective recommendations to improve the design and implementation of the UKAM project to promote equity along lines of gender, age and ability.
The study will be conducted in a select number of communities in the Counties of Kitui (Ngomeni and Nguni Wards), Tharaka-Nithi (Igamba-ng’ombe and Gatunga Wards) and Embu Counties (Evurore Ward). The study will focus on the collection of qualitative data on the different experiences and challenges faced by women and men, girls and boys, disabled and elderly persons. The data collection should use a participatory approach and should focus on providing an in-depth analysis of the power relations that structure different outcomes for people along the lines of gender, age, ability and social status.
The study research will include the following:
Analysis of secondary documentation: The consultant(s) will collect and analyse all secondary data that is relevant to the subject of the study. These will include, but are not restricted to: Project documents of Trócaire and partners (proposal, log-frame, budget, previous situation reports etc.); Relevant documents published by County or National government Ministries (policies, laws, County Integrated Development Plans, research reports etc.); Relevant documents published by national or international NGOs or research institutions.
Field Collection of Qualitative Data: The consultant(s) will be required to collect robust, rigorous and detailed qualitative data on a range of indicators using participatory approaches that are consistent with a Gender, Age and Diversity approach (GAD). In particular they will be expected to conduct: in-depth Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), and Key Informant Interviews KIIs). FGDs should be highly disaggregated along lines of gender, age, ability and social status. The consultant(s) should be highly experienced in the implementation of qualitative data collection on issues relating to gender, age and diversity as they relate to livelihoods, preferably using participatory and ethnographic data collection methods that focus on gender-power relations. All data, must be disaggregated by location, age, sex, ability and social status; that is, separately for girls and boys, men and women, disabled and elderly persons, single parents, widows, grandparents and orphans.
The consultant(s) should may also consider the use of quantitative data collection methods if appropriate. In this case the consultant(s) must provide a clear rationale for such data collection and a detailed data collection protocol. The must be highly experienced and skilled in the design and implementation of qualitative/ethnographic data collection and analysis techniques that relate specifically to the effects of gender, age and diversity on and resilience, sustainable livelihoods development and food security.
Analysis of Data: The study must provide a detailed assessment of the different ways in which issues relating to gender, age, ability and social status structure the vulnerability of individuals and households to the risks posed by climate change, drought and natural resource degradation in the different study sites. This means that in addition to a presentation of the data collected from the study sites, the consultant(s) must provide a detailed analysis of the factors structuring power relations around gender, age, ability and social status, together with a detailed analysis of how those factors have an impact on the livelihoods of different social groups (women, men, girls, boys, disabled, elderly, single parents, widows etc.).
The consultant(s) will be expected to complete the following tasks:
Participate in briefing and consultation meetings to discuss the assignment, become familiar with Trócaire’s Resilience programme and the UKAM project and to collaborate with project staff on the development of the study design and implementation plan.
Develop, in collaboration with Trócaire and partners, a detailed research and analysis plan, including plans for: pretesting of tools; recruitment and training of research assistants; meaningful participation of partners and community; sampling methodology; implementation of data collection in the field; data analysis and reporting.
Develop, in collaboration with Trócaire and partners, rigorous and robust, data collection tools that can gather reliable data on the key research questions e.g. GD and KII discussion guides, questionnaires etc. (Sample tools to be developed, shared and approved by Trócaire prior to data collection). Develop research protocols describing the data collection methodologies used.
Lead data collection in the field including: designing and leading key informant interviews and focus group discussions; designing and leading surveys; identifying and training research assistants/enumerators; monitoring and ensuring data quality and research ethics of research assistants.
Analyse data in a rigorous, robust manner using appropriate statistical and qualitative analysis techniques (e.g. Nvivo)
Draft a high-quality study report. The report must be written in good quality English and must include robust and detailed analysis of the data findings.
Identify challenges/weaknesses with UKAM project’s design and implementation approaches and present recommendations for how the implementation of the project can be improved to take gender, age, ability and social status effectively into account
The consultant(s) are expected to deliver the following outputs:
Task / Output
Conduct inception meeting(s) with Trócaire project staff
Collate and review key background documents
Produce a detailed inception report including: detailed work plan, detailed research methodology and sampling approach for data collection, data collection tools (to be finalised in agreement with the Trócaire project team)
Recruitment and training of enumerators/research assistants, ensuring all enumerators sign and abide by Trócaire’s Safeguarding Children Policy
Manage implementation of field data collection
Data entry and analysis
Produce draft study report, submitted for comments to Trócaire. Report should include:
· Executive summary covering:
Overview of the objectives of the assignment
Brief summary of the findings
· Introduction (chapter 1). Back ground to the assignment; Context analysis; Objectives, study questions and significance of the study
· Methodology and materials (chapter 2). Overview of the data collection methods used; methods/procedures for data analysis and materials/equipment used.
· Findings and discussions (chapter 3): Detailed presentation of research results and detailed analysis in light of the research questions
· Conclusions and recommendations. (chapter 4)
· Appendices: Charts, terms of reference, timetable, photos, syllabus, action plan, participants list disaggregated by gender.
Trócaire staff comment on first draft
Produce final baseline study, responding to the comments received
Provision of all raw data (quantitative data files, notes from all focus group meetings/key informant interviews etc.) to Trócaire
Oral presentation / meeting and de-brief with project staff
The consultancy should be completed by the end of August 2017. The exact period of the consultancy will be finalised with the consultant prior to the finalisation of the contract, but should not exceed 25 working days in total
The budget for the study should not exceed USD 15,000 and should include all relevant costs (professional fees, travel, accommodation, training etc.)
Trócaire Kenya seeks to engage the services of a highly qualified and experienced consultant(s) to implement this study. The consultant(s) must have the following qualifications and experience:
Trócaire invites interested individuals and companies to submit the following application documents:
o The EOI should NOT simply repeat the contents of this ToR but should provide original interpretation of the ToR that shows a real understanding of the assignment.
o Any EoI that simply repeats the contents of the ToR will be disqualified
Ethical Standards and Intellectual Property
The consultant(s) should take all reasonable steps to ensure that the study is designed and conducted to respect and protect the rights and welfare of the people and communities involved and to ensure that the study is technically accurate and reliable, is conducted in a transparent and impartial manner, and contributes to organizational learning and accountability. The consultant(s) will also commit to adhering to Trócaire’s Safeguarding Programme Participant Policy and Code of Conduct. All products arising from this study will be owned by Trócaire. The consultant(s) will not be allowed, without prior authorization in writing, to present any of the analytical results as his or her own or to make use of the research results for private publication purposes.
The proposal shall be sent, in soft copy, to firstname.lastname@example.org with “Trócaire Gender, Age Diversity and Climate Change Study” as the email subject
The deadline for applying is August 04, 2017. We aim to select the consultant by August 18, 2017 and start the contract immediately thereafter.
Note: Only shortlisted Consultants/firms shall be contacted.