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  • Posted: Nov 2, 2019
    Deadline: Not specified
  • UNICEF is the world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, ...
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    Consultancy: Anthropological study to support Ebola Preparedness

    Job Number: 527375

    Work Type : Consultancy



    Anthropological Study to support Ebola Preparedness


    To recruit a social scientist (medical or social anthropologist) for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness and conduct a response study in Kenya


    Nairobi with travel to a sample of high-risk counties


    3 Months (90 working Days)

    Start Date

    15th October 2019

    Reporting to

    Manager, Communication for Development


    Kenya remains vulnerable to natural and man-made disasters, which pose serious public health threats to the population. Over the years, the country has experienced several disease outbreaks such as Cholera, Kalaazar, Measles, Malaria and Hepatitis B.

    On 1 August 2018, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared a new outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in North Kivu Province. Later, with Uganda experiencing a large refugee influx from the Democratic Republic of Congo the Ebola threat became a reality for Uganda as well.

    Due to high perceived threat of Ebola to Kenya and the highly mobile populations between Uganda and Kenya, the Ministry of Health in Kenya, WHO, UNICEF and other development partners are working to implement preparedness plans in Kenya. The Ministry of Health has placed 8 counties in Kenya as high risk due to its proximity to Uganda as well as in consideration of other risk factors.

    Communication for Development (C4D) cross sectoral support to the Health Sector is often at the forefront of UNICEF emergency response. This is where knowledge, attitudes, practices and social norms play key role in adoption of life-saving and protective behaviours. The current high alert state  warrants developing robust capacity from UNICEF, governments, development partners and communities to prepare and respond to emergencies such as Ebola and potential/probable disease outbreaks in the country.

    UNICEF would like to engage the services of a Social Scientist (medical or social anthropologist) to join the Social Mobilisation teams working on EVD preparedness in the high-risk counties in Kenya. The aim is to strengthen community engagement and empowerment activities for Ebola virus disease outbreak response in Kenya. 

    The social scientist (medical or social anthropologist) will work under the overall administrative supervision of the C4D Manager and under the technical guidance of the MoH DDSR and Health Promotion Division along with the Advocacy, Communication, Social Mobilisation (ACSM) Committee of the DDSR.


    The purpose of this 3 months’ consultancy is to:

    • Support Ebola preparedness planning processes with information on community dynamics and cultural factors that may impact health seeking and preventive behaviors related to Ebola.
    • Advise on how to address possible areas of cultural resistance to information and practices related to Ebola prevention.
    • Advise on how to leverage community/cultural assets in support of risk communication for Ebola prevention.
    • Inform the implementation of risk communication and social mobilization activities to ensure that they are culturally appropriate and acceptable to local communities at risk of Ebola.

    In a addition the consultant is expected to conduct a study in 8 tier 1 risk counties whose specific objectives are:

    1. To describe community perceptions and behaviours that are related to or can impact the EVD preparedness and response, specifically using applied anthropological research that contextualizes perceptions, livelihoods, health-seeking, funeral and burial practices in high-risk districts in Kenya.
    2. To understand the relationship between community members and local, county and national stakeholders to identify leverage points for strengthening community rapport and trust in stakeholders for better EVD preparedness in Kenya.
    3. To document the policy and enabling environment of EVD preparedness in Kenya.
    4. To facilitate the integration of sociocultural and other contextual issues in risk communication, social mobilization, and community engagement activities under the umbrella of EVD preparedness in Kenya.


    The anthropologist / social scientist shall perform the following duties:

    1. Conduct field investigation using applied anthropological research methods to better understand community perceptions and behaviours that are related to or can impact on the Ebola response, including but not limited to livelihoods, health seeking behaviours, and funeral and burial practices.
    2. Conduct focus group discussions, observations, one-on-one interviews with key stakeholders, including community influencers, frontline health responders, alternative medicine providers including herbalists and others as seen appropriate.
    3. Map key community influencers for EVD prevention and control
    4. Develop an engagement strategy for community level SBCC including social norms
    5. Facilitate the integration of sociocultural and other contextual issues within the risk communication, social mobilization and community engagement activities being implemented among religious and traditional groups, political leaders; youths, women and civil society groups among others to strengthen rapport and trust.
    6. Support the Risk Communication and Social Mobilization component of the Ebola preparedness and response plan and participate in relevant coordination meetings as needed.
    7. Any other tasks as may be requested by the supervisors


    Should employ cross-sectional anthropological research methods in order to describe the social and cultural context to inform EVD preparedness in high-risk districts in Kenya.  The study should rely on rapid ethnography - the use of focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and participant observation - to answer the above-mentioned research questions.


    The consultant should advice on a multivariant sample framework based on the priority 1 – high risk counties identified in the National Plan.

    Expected deliverables:

    1. Submit an inception report and detailed work-plan.
    2. Meet regularly with relevant members of the Risk Communication & Social Mobilization sub-committee, National Task Force members and IPs.
    3. Provision of timely inputs to the ongoing community engagement and empowerment activities through facilitation of regular meetings of the stakeholders;
    4. Synthesised report(s) which are based on field investigations and highlight the key issues regarding social, cultural and behavioural factors associated with the EVD outbreak.
    5. Recommendations which address challenges in engaging with affected communities
    6. Final report with challenges, gaps and recommendations.

    All materials and data produced would belong to UNICEF and the Ministry of Health, and as such, cannot be used otherwise without written consent.


    5. Tasks

    End Products/ Deliverables

    Time Frame


    a)      Submit of inception report and detailed work plan.

    Detailed work plan/inception report submitted.

    10 Working Days.


    b)      Meet regularly with relevant members of the ACSM and UNICEF C4D section

    Meeting minutes with clear action points and recommendations submitted

    10 Working Days.


    c)      Provision of timely inputs to the ongoing community engagement and empowerment activities through facilitation of regular meetings of the stakeholders

    Meeting minutes with clear action points and recommendations submitted

    10 Working Days.


    d)      Synthesised report(s) which are based on field investigations and highlight the key issues regarding social, cultural and behavioural factors associated with the EVD outbreak.

    Synthesised reports submitted

    15 Working Days.


    e)      Recommendations which address challenges in engaging with affected communities

    Report submitted

    15 Working Days.


    f)       Final report with challenges, gaps and recommendations.

    Final consultancy report submitted.

    30 Working Days.



    Education Qualifications


    An advanced university degree in Medical/Social Anthropology, from an accredited and recognized institution.


    • Advanced University degree or substantial training in Medical/Cultural/ Social Anthropology
    • Specialized training in participatory approaches; participatory research
    • Specialized training in emergency/disaster/outbreak response
    • Training in impact evaluation of community engagement/social mobilization interventions.



    • At least seven years’ relevant experience at international level in conducting social science research for public health interventions; or health promotion; or community engagement; or social mobilization programmes.
    • At least 2 years of experience in emergency settings, specifically disease outbreaks
    • Experience in operational research in social sciences for public health and emergency response


    • Experience in disease outbreak response.
    • Prior working experience with UN
    • Prior experience in African settings

    Language Skills

    Excellent knowledge of English

    Other Skills (e.g. IT)

    • Excellent knowledge of Microsoft Office applications (Outlook, Word, PowerPoint, SharePoint, and Excel).
    • Familiarity with the use survey tools, analysis tools and web-based platforms for coordination

    Functional Knowledge and Skills

    • Strong strategic planning and organizational skills: ability to design, generate, analyze and appropriately apply findings using social science methods, approaches including qualitative research to planning and project design; the ability to work effectively in multidisciplinary and multicultural environment with tact and diplomacy; an ability to meet tight deadlines; an ability to efficiently and effectively co-ordinate activities and tasks to meet specific objectives.
    • Knowledge and understanding of public health approaches related to: social sciences, community engagement; social mobilization; an understanding of emergency response; ability to co-ordinate multidisciplinary and technical inputs into designing social science interventions, strategies and plans.
    • Excellent coordination and planning skills: the ability to draw strategic conclusions of scattered information and build from situational analysis into practical solutions in the field, ability to map and identify resources required for activities from broader partnerships. 
    • Excellent communication: the ability to clearly present ideas and concepts both orally and written.
    • Excellent interpersonal skills: the ability to build relationships and work with stakeholders and partners.


    • The consultant will utilise UNICEF office space and equipment as and when required, e.g. desk, chair, internet access, telephone. The consultant will provide his/her own laptop.
    • The consultancy will not commence unless a contract is signed by both UNICEF and consultant.
    • The consultant will not have supervisory responsibility within UNICEF, nor responsibilities on UNICEF budget and other resources
    • The consultancy will include DSA for any field travel and consultant will have to arrange for his/her own field travel unless UNICEF Staff join the said mission, then the consultant may join the official mission vehicle and transport will not be reimbursed in this case. access to UNICEF transport for field travel
    • Under the consultancy agreements, a month is defined as 21 working days, and fees are prorated accordingly.  Consultants are not paid for weekends or public holidays
    • Consultants are not entitled to payment of overtime.  All remuneration must be within the contract agreement
    • Consultants will be required to sign the Health statement for consultants/Individual contractor prior to taking up the assignment, and to document that they have appropriate health insurance, if applicable
    • The Form 'Designation, change or revocation of beneficiary' has to be completed by the consultant upon arrival, at the HR Section

    go to method of application »

    Consultancy: Conduct a needs assessment on unregistered children in Dadaab Refugee Camp


    Position/ Assignment Title

    To conduct a needs assessment on unregistered children in Dadaab Refugee Camp

    Location of Assignment

    Dadaab Refugee Camp, Garissa County, Kenya

    Duration of contract

    41 days

    Start date and End date

    November 2019 to February 2020          

    Reporting to:

    Chief, Child Protection

     Background and Justification

    Dadaab Refugee camp was first established in 1991 to accommodate refugees fleeing civil conflict in Somalia. A second influx of asylum seekers arrived in 2011, when over 130,000 Somalis left their homes due to devastating drought and famine. In April 2016 the Government announced that Dadaab Refugee Camp would be closed. A tripartite agreement between the Government of Kenya, Federal Government of Somalia and UNHCR was signed to guide organized, dignified and voluntary return to Somalia. Between 2016 and April 2019, nearly 78,874 (50% female) refugees have voluntarily repatriated from Kenya to Somalia. During this period, an unknown number of refugees also left Dadaab for Somalia spontaneously without participating in the voluntary repatriation procedure (without the facilitation of UNHCR and the Government).

    Due to continued insecurity in Somalia a number of Somalis have become internally displaced or have crossed the border to Kenya. The suspension of registration and refugee status determination procedures for all nationalities, including Somalis seeking refuge in Dadaab, has resulted in the non-registration of asylum seekers in Dadaab. UNHCR and partners estimate that as of 1st July 2019, there are over 15,302 unregistered asylum seekers in Dadaab, 62% children. Non-registration and suspension of refugee status determination procedures has exposed children to multiple vulnerabilities and limits the extent of services such children are able to access. Child protection partners have reported that unregistered children are sometimes compelled to work (child labour) to survive. Some of the unregistered children are fostered by relatives and clan members who are equally constrained due to inadequate resources such as food and shelter.

    In view of the above, UNICEF foresees the need to better understand the risks and vulnerabilities faced by unregistered children in Dadaab, with a view to make evidence-based recommendations on how the situation of these children can be addressed to inform advocacy strategies that, in collaboration with UNHCR and other partners, can be used for high level engagement with relevant Government authorities.

    UNICEF would like to recruit a qualified consultant to develop the methodology and to undertake the assessment of the situation of un-registered children in Dadaab.

    Scope of the work

    The main objective of this assessment is to deepen understanding and knowledge on the needs of unregistered children in Dadaab refugee camp to inform the response plan that is evidence-based, participatory and in the best interest of children.

    Based on the assessment, the consultant will also develop an advocacy strategy for advocacy for unregistered children targeting government, donors and other stakeholders.

    Achieving the above will require the consultant to:

    1.   Develop an assessment methodology for the rapid assessment.

    2.   Carry out a rapid needs assessment of unregistered children in Dadaab. The assessment will seek to gain a better understanding of the daily life of unregistered girls and boys (including those with disabilities) and will assess their vulnerabilities and protection needs, living conditions, access to services, reasons for flight, aspirations, care arrangements, coping strategies etc.  The assessment will also consider the specific gender aspects relating to the specific experiences of girls and boys (including those with disabilities).

    3.   Based on the assessment findings, propose key evidence-based high-level advocacy messages that UNICEF, jointly with UNHCR, can use in lobbying senior level/policy makers in Government and donors for enhanced protection of refugee children seeking asylum in Kenya.

    Under the overall guidance of the Chief, Child Protection, and the technical support of the Child Protection in Emergenices Specialist, the Consultant is to achieve the below outputs/deliverables:




    Duration (estimated number of days/months)


    Schedule of payment


    Carry out a desk review, develop an assessment methodology, and draft interview tools (FGDs and individual interviews guidelines/questions as required)

    4 days

    November, 2019

    30% Upon submission of the agreed deliverable acceptable to UNICEF


    Organize inception meetings with UNICEF and key partners in Dadaab and field test the draft interview tools

    3 days

    November, 2019


    Finalize and submit the inception report, the interview tools, and the assessment methodology to UNICEF and partners for review

    3 days

    November, 2019


    Consolidate and integrate comments and inputs received in relation to inception report, the interview tools, and the assessment methodology and finalize the documents

    1 day



    Train data collectors on the interview tools

    1 day

    November, 2019

    40% Upon submission of the agreed deliverable acceptable to UNICEF


    Hold FGDs and individual interviews with children and key stakeholders, together with data collectors to identify gaps/priorities

    10 days

    December 2019


    Compile and submit first draft report based on FGDs/interviews to UNICEF and partners for review 

    5 days

    December 2019


    Consolidate and integrate comments and inputs received in relation to the first draft and finalize report

    2 days

    December 2019


    Based on the FGDs/interviews and report of the assessment, develop a draft advocacy strategy and present to UNICEF and partners for review

    4 days

    January 2020

    30% Upon submission of the agreed deliverable acceptable to UNICEF



    Consolidate and integrate comments and inputs received in relation to the draft advocacy strategy and finalize the document

    3 days

    January 2020 


    Present findings and advocacy strategy in a validation workshop in Dadaab

    1 day

    February 2020


    Consolidate and incorporate comments and submit final report to UNICEF

    3 days

    February 202



    41 days


    Payment Schedule

    1. 30% to be paid after meeting with UNCIEF and partners, and upon submission of satisfactory inception report (deliverable # 1, 2, 3);
    2. 40% to be paid upon submission (incl. revision with UNICEF and partners comments) of all consultations reports (deliverable # 4, 5, 6, 7);
    3. 30% upon submission (incl. revision with UNICEF and partners comments) of strategy plan (deliverable #8, 9, 10)

    Required qualifications, desired competencies, technical background and experience


    1. The consultant should have an advanced degree in Social Sciences, Development Studies, Economics, Law or related fields.  
    2. The consultant should demonstrate excellent written and spoken English; spoken Somali or Swahili would be an asset.

    Relevant Experience

    The consultant should demonstrate at least five years of relevant experience in:

    1. Programming or advocacy on children’s rights, especially in displacement or emergency contexts;
    2. Research, evaluations or assessments in child protection or other areas relevant for this assignment.

    Additional Knowledge of the consultant

    The consultant should demonstrate understanding of:

    • Child protection programming (including in refugee context would be an advantage);
    • Child protection system in Kenya (including in Dadaab refugee camp would be an advantage).


    Competencies of consultant

    • Drive for results
    • Working with people
    • Analytical Skills
    • Technical knowledge in subject area
    • Planning and Organizing



    • Excellent  communication skills with ability to present ideas and concepts concisely in written and oral form is required.
    • Demonstrated experience in multistakeholder initiatives and consultative processes.
    • Ability to write for a general audience of  government policy makers, donors, child rights advocates and service providers.



    Interested candidates are required to submit technical proposal with separate financial proposals (including translation costs) within the deadline.

    Financial Proposal

    The Currency of the proposal shall be in Kenya Shillings or US Dollars.

    The financial proposal should be realistic. The Budget should be itemized in detail by activities to be undertaken, and clearly reflect the professional charges (fees) to be paid to different levels of professionals per day as stated above, including all travel related costs.


    As per UNICEF policy, payment is made against approved deliverables. No advance payment is allowed unless in exceptional circumstances against bank guarantee, subject to a maximum of 30 per cent of the total contract value in cases where advance purchases, for example for supplies or travel, may be necessary.

    The Consultant(s) (proposed consultants in the team) may not publish or disseminate Reports, data collection tools, collected data or any other documents produced from this consultancy without the express permission of and acknowledgement of UNICEF and Ministry of Labour, Social Security and Services in Kenya.

    Interested consultant(s) to indicate ability, availability and all-inclusive rate for expected deliverables to undertake the terms of reference.

    Method of Application

  • Send your application

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